Common name: silver birch. Distribution: Europe and southwest Asia. Betula pendula Roth. It is used by artists, painters etc[13]. Sun or light shade, best with summer moisture in well-drained soil; will tolerate wet or dry soils. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, dry - moist. If the germination is poor, raising the temperature by covering the seed with glass can help[134]. The inner bark is bitter and astringent, it is used in treating intermittent fevers[4]. Betula pendula is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a fast rate. The flow is best on sunny days following a frost. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. 3 synonyms for Betula pendula: common birch, European white birch, silver birch. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. A high quality charcoal is obtained from the bark. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. Kingdom: Plantae. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. 1999. Accessed 2020-12-26. A tea is made from the leaves[15, 161] and another tea is made from the essential oil in the inner bark[21]. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Save Comp. For more information about QR Codes click here. Genbank common name: European white birch NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 … The sap can be fermented into a beer. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. Not North American native, Attractive flowers or blooms. ID 9997 Symbol Key BEPE3 Common Name European white birch Family Betulaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CO, CT, IA, IL, IN, KY, MA, ... Betula pendula. A tar-oil is obtained from the white bark in spring. Only just cover the seed and place the pot in a sunny position[78, 80, 134]. We will not sell or share your email address. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame for at least their first winter. Attracts Wildlife  Dynamic accumulator  Food Forest  Scented Plants. Betula pendula , or European White Birch, has a pyramidal form when young, more oval as it matures, and is noted for its white bark, which exfoliates in papery strips, and for its drooping or pendulous branches. It is also present in central-northern Asia, from Caucasus through Siberia, up into China and Japan. Genus: Betula. Young catkins[15]. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. The family name of birch is far reaching, with relatives all over the globe. Common Name(s): European white birch [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Most of Europe, including Britain, south and east to Morocco, W. Siberia and central Asia. Wood - soft, light, durable. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Do not use in patients with oedema or with poor kidney or heart functions [301]. The Plants Database includes the following 34 species of Betula . Scientific Name: Betula pendula. The young leaves and leaf buds are harvested in the spring and dried for later use[238]. Open woodland and heaths[17, 100]. and how to tapp the tree, the name of tools to do the tapping? Subphylum: Angiospermae. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Betula pendula … A decoction of the inner bark is used to preserve cordage[115], it contains up to 16% tannin[178, 223]. Germ. Sap - raw or cooked. Domain: Eukaryota. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). It is most easily removed in late spring to early summer. The vernal sap is diuretic[4]. The resin glands (the report does not say where these glands are found) are used to make a hair lotion[226]. It is often one of the first trees to colonize open land and it creates a suitable environment for other woodland trees to follow[17]. An infusion of the leaves is used in the treatment of gout, dropsy and rheumatism, and is recommended as a reliable solvent of kidney stones[4]. Betula pendula 'Gracilis' Betula pendula 'Laciniata'. Family: Betulaceae. Its papery-white bark - almost pink in young trees - distinguishes it from the downy birch ( Betula pubescens ) which has reddish bark that turns grey with age and is usually found in wetter habitats in the uplands. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Common names. It makes a pleasant drink[115]. light a fire all around the container with birch bark and let it burn for at least an hour. Between 4 and 7 litres can be drawn off a mature tree in a day and this will not kill the tree so long as the tap hole is filled up afterwards[115]. It is waterproof, durable, tough and resinous. It has fungicidal properties and is also used as an insect repellent[4, 13, 100]. thank you. It is harvested in early spring, before the leaves unfurl, by tapping the trunk. Silver Birch, European white birch, Common Birch, Warty Birch, European White Birch, The aromatic and aliphatic hydrocarbons in birch tar are irritating to the skin. A tree ordinarily from 40 to 60, occasionally over 100 ft high, with a silvery-white trunk; branches pendulous at the ends; young wood not downy, but furnished with glandular warts. If you have sufficient seed, it can be sown in an outdoor seedbed, either as soon as it is ripe or in the early spring - do not cover the spring sown seed. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants, Deciduous broadleaf tree, 40-50(80) ft [12-15(240 m], pyramidal becoming rounded, graceful pendulous branching habit. Betula youngii. These trees eventually out-compete and shade out the birch trees[17, 186]. When it is sufficiently boil'd, and become cold, add to it three or four Spoonfuls of good Ale to make it work...and when the Test begins to settle, bottle it up . The silver birch is a very ornamental tree[1] with many named varieties[11, 200]. pendula (Roth) Aiton Projects: China, IPCN, VPA Common Names: chui zhi hua Flora of China Editorial Committee. Its leaves change from green to gold in autumn which makes it a lovely tree for year-round interest. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. Landscape Uses:Firewood, Specimen. Like all siblings, the sister Betula pendula looks quite similar to her brother, but she has a noticeable femininity to her appearance. Silver birch, European white birch. It is also a good companion plant, its root action working to improve the soil[14]. Since it is relatively short-lived and intolerant of shade, it is eventually out-competed by these trees[17, 186]. dont do this often, it will destroy the tree. in the early spring, when sap has started to flow A superb tree for encouraging wildlife, it has 229 associated insect species[24]. Join now. It also has a very wide range of economic uses. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. It is used for a wide range of purposes including furniture, tool handles, toys and carving[13, 100, 238]. Hij heeft normale bladeren die vrij laat afvallen en een witte bast. Betula pendula, commonly called European white birch or white birch, is native to Europe and Asia Minor where it typically occurs in wood margins, heaths, hills and slopes.It has been widely planted in Canada and the northern U.S. as an ornamental. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. It is occasionally found on calcareous soils in the wild but it generally prefers a pH below 6.5, doing well on acid soils[186]. It makes an excellent nurse tree for seedling trees, though its fine branches can cause damage to nearby trees when blown into them by the wind. An oil obtained from the inner bark is astringent and is used in the treatment of various skin afflictions, especially eczema and psoriasis[4, 238]. Abbreviation. Family: Betulaceae. Taxonomic Tree. An oil similar to Wintergreen oil (obtained from Gaultheria procumbens) is obtained from the inner bark[21, 61]. The buds are balsamic[7]. Special Features: Learn more about our gardening and landscaping website designs. Bloom Color: Brown. 2 - this 'oil' is actually tar. Common Name(s): Silver Birch. A very easily grown plant, it tolerates most soils including poor ones[1, 24], sandy soils[188] and heavy clays. Phylum: Spermatophyta. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Patrick Breen, Grow the plants on in the seedbed for 2 years before planting them out into their permanent positions in the winter[78, 80, 113, 134]. 2. Betula pendula 'Alba' is a weeping deciduous tree with a beautiful white trunk, pendulous branches and silvery green foliage. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen from July to August. Right plant wrong place. pendula 'Youngii' Young's weeping birch Sold by 52 nurseries. An old English recipe for the beer is as follows:- "To every Gallon of Birch-water put a quart of Honey, well stirr'd together; then boil it almost an hour with a few Cloves, and a little Limon-peel, keeping it well scumm'd. Betula pendula Roth One of the most familiar trees of the British countryside, the graceful silver birch is a genuine native, growing here since the end of the Ice Age. . Somewhat messy. var s = '' Average Dried Weight: 40 lbs/ft 3 (640 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.50, .64. Scientific Name; BEPED: Betula pendula Roth f. dalecarlica (L. f.) C.K. common silver birch. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Betula pendula Taxonomy ID: 3505 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid3505) current name. It is the National Tree of Finland. The young shoots and leaves secrete a resinous substance which has acid properties, when combined with alkalis it is a tonic laxative[4]. Although closely related, it does not usually hybridize with B. pubescens[11]. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Young twigs thin and usually pendulous. Foliage deep reddish purple in spring, more bronze by summer, and bronze-green or even copper-orange in fall. This QR Code is unique to this page. Scientific name: Betula pendula. Moxa is made from the yellow fungous excrescences of the wood, which sometimes swell out of the fissures[4]. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. The German Commission E Monographs, a therapeutic guide to herbal medicine, approve Betula species for infections of the urinary tract, kidney and bladder stones, rheumatism (see [302] for critics of commission E). Betula alba var. pendula (Roth) W.T.Aiton. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Silver-white bark and slighly pendulous branches. 1. The bark is diuretic and laxative[7]. It is often concentrated into a syrup by boiling off the water[2, 9, 13, 15, 177]. It is a fast growing tree, increasing by up to 1 metre a year, but is short-lived[17, 200]. A sweet flavour. 4: 1–453. Betula alba var. They also contain phytosides, which are effective germicides[7]. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. Other common names Young's weeping birch Family Betulaceae Genus Betula can be deciduous trees or shrubs. org/ articles/ betula/ betula-pendula/). dont have photos but I believe I can shine some light here: Antonyms for Betula pendula. Betula pendula 'Alba'. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. A lovely tree for encouraging wildlife, it is relatively short-lived and of... For year-round interest peel as easily as that of please note that a plant may be invasive one! 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